Specialisations of Diploma Programs in Singapore: 2016 Update

Image Credit: http://www.thekongucollege.org/main_images/diploma_courses.jpg
Finally here's an update from the previous post from 2012 November!!!  It has been slightly over 3 years and I thought it is about time I did a revision on this topic.

Like the previous time. this is a huge task, as there are a lot of psychology diploma programs around, so the focus of this post would be on the specialisations of the programs.  But as usual, this post is only focused on Singaporean diplomas available in the local polytechnics and the private schools. 
This information is valid as at 16 January 2016.  There is a total of 52 diplomas, 8 polytechnic programs and 44 programs in PEIs.

PEI Programs
(In alphabetical order)
For the list of courses, please refer to the CPE website or search via this link using the keyword of "psychology" in the Course Search and selecting all the respective levels of "Diploma", "Specialist Diploma", "Higher Diploma", and "Advanced Diploma".  The below programs are permitted by CPE as at 16 January 2016.

ACC School of Counselling and Psychology:  Applied Psychology  /  Counselling Psychology
Advent Links-SAUC Education Centre:  Psychology (Guidance and Counselling)  /  Psychology (Early Years Education)
Arium School of Arts and Sciences:  Child Psychology  /  Counselling Psychology  /  Educational Psychology  /  Forensic Psychology  /  Organisational Psychology  /  Psychology Studies  /  Sports Psychology
Aventis School of Management:  Applied Psychology
Beacon International College:  Counselling Psychology
College of Allied Educators: Counselling Psychology / Learning Disorders Management and Child Psychology  /  Psychology
DIMENSIONS International College:  Psychology
East Asia Institute of Management:  Applied Psychology  /  Counselling Psychology
Kaplan Higher Education Institute:  Applied Psychology
MDIS:  Psychology
Raffles College of Higher Education:  Applied Psychology
SHRI Academy:  Organisational Psychology
SMF Institute of Higher Learning:  Business Psychology  /  Counselling Psychology  /  Early Childhood Psychology
Stansfield College:  Psychology
The School of Positive Psychology:  Applied Psychology  /  Applied Positive Psychology  /  Psychology and Positive Psychology  /  Psychology and Psychotherapy
TMC Academy:  Psychology with Counselling

The blog author do not guarantee the quality of any of the above diplomas, or indicate any benefits or disadvantages of having a psychological diploma with no specialisations or one with multiple specialisations.  It is also not a guarantee that you will be eligible for a undergraduate degree after completion of the diplomas.  Please also take note that diploma programs are awarded by the respective institutions and there are no accreditation by any accrediting bodies

2016 Update: Academic requirements for local psychology diplomas and degrees

Image credit: http://www.moe.gov.sg/education/admissions/jae/files/jae-info.pdf
As mentioned previously, the cut-off scores are the scores of the lowest ranked students who entered that program, and is only a general indication of the next year's intake, and hence does not guarantee that you will be given a spot even if you get that similar score.

Here are the cut-off for psychology and psychology-related programs from 2015 for your application in 2016:

For the diplomas:
These cut-off points are based on ELR2B2: (Please refer to the respective websites for more details)
EL=English Language; R2=Two relevant subjects; B2=Any two other subjects excluding CCA

SP:  Applied Drama and Psychology (Cut-off: 12)  /  Human Resource Management with Psychology (Cut-off: 12)
NP:  Psychological Studies (Cut-off: 9)  /  Child Psychology and Early Childhood (Cut-off: 11)
NYP:  Social Sciences (Social Work) (Cut-off: 14)
RP:  Human Resource Management with Psychology (Cut-off: 16)  /  Consumer Behaviour and Research (Cut-off: 18)
TP:  Psychological Studies (Cut-off: 9)
The results are also available here for more general information.

For the degrees: 
This are represented by their current year entry students' 3H2/1H1 and polytechnic GPA grades and stated by 10th % - lowest minimum; and 90th % - safest to be confirmed percentile

NUS (2015/16):  3H2/1H1:  10th - BBB/B, 90% - AAA/A.  GPA: 10th - 3.74, 90% - 3.94
(Additional criteria - Students must obtain at least a B-grade in each of these modules during their first year of the program: PL1101E and PL2131)
NTU (2015/16):  3H2/1H1:  10th - ABC/B, 90% - AAA/A.  GPA: 10th - 3.71, 90% - 3.94
SMU (2015/16):  3H2/1H1:   10th - BBC/C, 90% - AAA/A.  GPA: 10th - 3.71, 90% - 3.89
[The Yale-NUS and SMU Indicative Grade Profiles are not available at the time of this post]

For last year's academic requirements, please view here!!

Good Luck for your 'O' Levels results and your polytechnic and university applications!!!

SGPsychStud: How to be Happier in the New Year of 2016

Image Credit: http://positivepsychlopedia.com/year-of-happy/
Everyone wants to be happy.  This is a definite thing.  However, what is happiness?

According to the dictionary, happiness is a emotional state where one experiences positive emotions, such as contentment and elation.  Other than the common positive emotional states in the English language, there are other types of happiness not available in English as described by Nancy Etcoff, such as fiero (the pride in accomplishment of a challenge), schadenfreude (the happiness in another's misfortune, a malicious pleasure) and naches (a pride and joy in one's children).

The science of happiness is very straight-forward and easy to understand.  What really happens when we feel happiness is the creation of dopamine by your brain, resulting in your emotions of happiness.  But it is really the situations that create the dopamine. Through the experiencing of the situations, we feel happy as dopamine is created in our brains.
Can we have happiness all the time? Is that possible?
Honestly, happiness is not achieved by constantly being happy or to be in happy situations, as most people may think.  You can experience the state of happiness by feeling happy momentarily, but you cannot feel happy all the time.
So how we can be happier in 2016??
Here are some suggestions:
1)  Have a sense of fulfillment and contentment.  Be grateful for your experiences and what you have in your life.
"We experience something that's valuable to us.  Something is given to us that's valuable to us.  And it's really given.  These two things have to come together...  And when these two things come together, something that's really valuable to me and I realize it's freely given, then gratefulness spontaneously rises in my heart, happiness spontaneously rises in my heart.  That's how gratefulness happens."

2)  Be open to new opportunities and experiences.  I have written on this previously in 2013.
This concept of not having the fear of new opportunities and experiences require a few conditions:

  • Thirst for Knowledge - Gaining more knowledge also helps you understand things better, and through understanding yourself and your fears better, it will help in reducing them.
  • Curiosity - With curiosity, it will make you ask more questions, get the answers, and then asking more questions, leaving no stones unturned.  Curiosity might also serve as a motivation to understand the situation better, than the focus on the negative thoughts relating to the fears.
  • Positive Mindset - When experiencing the fear, it is inevitable that one will have negative thoughts. Always having a positive mindset will help face these negative thoughts better, as staying positive in the face of fear will help you deal with it more rationally and calm. As we start to calm down, it will allow us to react better towards the situation and enjoy the experience much more.

3)  Being mindful through your experiences of everyday life.  Being mindful will make you more aware and open to your experiences.  This will help you understand yourself and the situations better, and hence reducing your unhappiness.
Here's my previous post on Mindfulness.
"Which leaves the question, what are the big causes of happiness?  I think that's a question we haven't really answered yet, but I think something that has the potential to be an answer is that maybe happiness has an awful lot to do with the contents of our moment-to-moment experiences."

4)  Maintain good social interaction with people.  It will also help you live longer, according to Robert Waldinger.
"The clearest message that we get from this 75-year study is this: Good relationships keep us happier and healthier. Period."

5)  Having neutral thoughts.  Most people will have the perception that we should not have negative thoughts at all.  This is quite impossible not to have negative thoughts.  The issue is  "How do you manage your thoughts"?  
Having too much and/or extremely happy and negative thoughts all the time is not good for your well-being.  Having too extreme thoughts may cause one to have over-expectations for the experiences, hence maintaining a positive mindset and having neutral thoughts would help better overcome most stressful situations..
Enjoy the song!!  All is well!!!

All Izz Well [Song]  - 3 Idiots Movie

Hope you like my five tips of achieving happiness in 2016.  Happy New Year Everyone!!!